| Publication EU, Publication

PSCC Policy Paper - Institutional Impunity in West Africa and the Sahel - Causes, Characteristics & Limitations

When we consider the problem of institutional impunity, what immediately leaps to mind after long-term observation of countries in armed conflict in the field is the paradox between the massive military and security resources invested, the presence of judicial institutions with a whole array of instruments, laws, standards, and conventions, and the apparent inadequacy of the outcomes in terms of protection of civilians’ security and human rights.


| Publication EU, Publication

Ethnicity, Ethnic Crisis And National Security In Nigeria Implications And Management Strategies

Like in many developing countries that are highly fractionalized, ethnic crisis ranks amongst many security challenges bedevilling Nigeria, making Nigeria loosely a country at war with itself. This situation magnifies Nigeria’s political instability and the efforts of security agencies to address the range of insecurity issues which beyond fractionalization crisis encircle terrorism, banditry, ritual killings, armed robbery and kidnapping.


| Publication EU, Publication

Evolution of Regional Security Outfits in Nigeria: Policy Brief Ethnic or Community Policing?

Government has unwittingly allowed the responsibility for security to transfer vicariously to the citizens and state while rebuffing devolution of statutory security responsibilities by not acceding to the formation of state police. There is thus a perceived need for decentralization of Nigeria Police in tandem with dictates of federalism. Yet, efforts to restructure the Nigeria Police is still fraught with definitional, conceptual and systemic challenges.


| Publication EU, Publication

Attacks on Security Institutions in South-East Nigeria

Nigeria is witnessing the escalation of violence and conflicts across the board. While the incidents have led to thousands of losses to lives and then the destruction of livelihood, it has seemingly overwhelmed Nigeria's security operatives. The Southeast region, which used to be one of Nigeria's relatively peaceful zones, has witnessed rising violence. The past couple of months have been dreadful, given the region's rise of violence and security uncertainties. About 254 people were killed in 63 incidents recorded in the first five months of 2021.


| Publication EU, Publication

Civil-Military Relationship During COVID-19 Turning Crisis into Opportunities

Nigeria, as a democratising state, is caught in the web of balancing civil control over its military, which has over the years dominated its political space. With the growing insecurity and conflicts in the country such as insurgency, cultism, kidnapping, vandalism, terrorism and armed banditry, the presence of the military in the civilian spaces and activities continue to grow. While the military is invited to help in providing security and safeguard the public spaces, their relationship with the citizens in many cases have turned sour, as in some cases, the fundamental rights or the constitutional rights of the citizens are either breached or violated.


24.08.2021 | Publication, Publication EU

Gender-Based Violence in West Africa: The Cases of Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger

Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant obstacle to women’s enjoyment of their rights and a violation of their fundamental freedoms. In several countries, particularly in West Africa, such violence is rooted in a social system founded on patriarchy.


| Publication

Executive summary report on the pilot phase of the action research programme on Citizen Control of Public Security Action in west Africa

Since 2018, the Laboratory of Analyse of Societies and Powers / Africa – Diasporas at Gaston Berger University in Saint- Louis, Senegal (UGB LASPAD) has undertaken a series of studies as part of an action research programme on citizen control of public security action in West Africa. In collaboration with the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Peace and Security Centre of Competence Sub-Saharan Africa (FES PSCC) and the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding - Senegal (WANEP), a team of researchers led by Dr Rachid Id Yassine conducted an exploratory study, under phase one, in three West African countries (Senegal, Gambia, and Guinea-Bissau), to develop, test and consolidate a multipartite mechanism for citizen control of public security action. During this pilot phase, a citizen security barometer was developed (Citizen Barometer of Security : ).


| Publication

Pandora’s box. Burkina Faso, self-defense militias and VDP Law in fighting jihadism

This publication is the result of intense field research carried out by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung's Peace and Security Centre of Competence Sub-Saharan Africa (FES PSCC) to analyze the role of militias in Burkina Faso. Militias are in this study understood as non-jihadist, armed actors which are supporting the state of Burkina Faso in its challenge to guarantee inner security for its citizens. A new national law of Burkina Faso recognizes volunteers, as security actors since January 2020.


| Publication

The role of the regional forces in Gambia and what their presence will mean in 2021 elections

The PSCC Policy Paper is an analysis document written by leading experts on different themes, related to peace and security in Sub-Saharan Africa. The authors assess different political situations and share their respective evaluations and opinions. In addition, they formulate concrete, practical, and achievable recommendations on a comprehensive case. It is the aim of each PSCC Policy Paper to serve as a guidance tool for security sector actors, as well as to advise policy makers in respective regions and countries...


| Publication, Publication EU

Kidnapping in Nigeria - Overview, Effect, Causes and Possible Solutions

Kidnapping for ransom ranks very high among the numerous peace and security challenges confronting Nigeria. Kidnapping happens for political reasons (grievance); for ransom (greed); hybrid kidnapping (for generating money to support insurgency); and situational kidnapping (for settling custodial and family issures, indentured servitude and ethno-religious indoctrination).


Feijó, João

The role of women in the conflic in Cabo Delgado

Understanding vicious cycles of violence
Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Gnanguênon, Amandine

Chad in its regional environment: political alliances and ad hoc military coalitions

Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Ndiaye, Ndèye Amy

Gender-based violence in West Africa

The cases of Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger
Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Tisseron, Antonin

Pandora's box. Burkina Faso, self-defense militias and VDP law in fighting jihadism

Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Feijó, João

Social asymmetries

Clues to understand the spread of islamist jihadism in Cabo Delgado
Dakar-Fann, 2020

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Weimer, Bernhard

Walking the Talk?

A critical perspective on sustainable peace and reconciliation in Mozambique
Maputo, 2020

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Baseline study of the state of play of security sector governance and the inclusion of civil society in security sector reform processes in Nigeria, Mali, Cameroon and Wider ECOWAS/ECCAS Region

Dakar-Fann, 2020

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Boswell, Alan

Do local peace deals work?

Evidence from South Sudan's civil war
Kampala, 2019

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Khadiagala, Gilbert M.

How can democratic peace work in Southern Africa?

Trends and trajectories since the decade of hope
Dakar-Fann, 2018

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Blackings, Mairi John

Why peace fails: The case of South Sudan's Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan

Dakar-Fann, 2018

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Peace and Security Centre of Competence Sub-Saharan Africa

P.O. Box 15 416
Point E, boulevard de l’Est villa n°30
Dakar - Fann

+221 33 859 20 02



How to engage and with whom towards collective security in the Sahelo-Saharan region and in West Africa? Dakar, 4 - 5 December 2017


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