The threat took these governments by surprise, and they reacted with a military response that reduced the danger without eliminating it completely. Over the years, the Islamist movement has undergone a transformation, and it is important for governments to adapt their responses to the changing circumstances by promoting economic development alongside military action. Indeed, they must move beyond a single-minded focus on security alone, and, with the support of the international community, must listen to the people, hear their grievances and aspirations, and devise a coordinated response plan for this part of Africa, which is at the crossroads of several regions (West Africa, the Sahara, and Central Africa).
This should be done in a concerted manner and with the support of the international community. Otherwise, poverty and climate change, which create a breeding ground for terrorism, will have a more serious impact on the security of the region and the rest of the world.
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