Publications

23.05.2024 | Analytical note | Publication
THE AES COUNTRIES’ EXIT FROM ECOWAS AND THE BUILDING OF REGIONAL SECURITY

The decision by Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger to withdraw from ECOWAS represents a major strategic shift in this decade. The creation of the Alliance of Sahel States already brought with it a new configuration in West Africa following the decline of the G5 Sahel.


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The idea of placing people rather than states at the centre of peace support operations, and prioritising human security during military interventions has been circulating in policy circles for some time. However, some members of the international peace support community are reluctant to embrace it. Despite the pushback against this notion as a policy and a practice, it has become vital for the relevance and credibility of international peace support operations (IPSOs) in Africa. According to the international peace support community, IPSOs, including various types of International Peace and Training Missions, are among the most effective tools for supporting peace and security. In recent years, however, IPSOs have suffered significant setbacks. They include reistance from host countries, perceived ineffectiveness in responding to asymmetrical conflict threats and preventing violence…


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The main aim of this study is to analyse the advantages and opportunities of a gender-inclusive security sector in order to gain a better understanding of the challenges involved in taking this dimension into account, with a view to promoting greater involvement and integration of women's needs in security sector reform in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. It also looks at the nature of the progress made in terms of women's participation in the security sector in these countries and the institutional responses to the specific security needs of this category of actors.


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12.01.2024 | Publication

From 29 to 30 November 2023, the Peace and Security Competence Center Sub-Saharan Africa office organized a regional workshop on the theme: "Crisis in West Africa: Challenges and Opportunities on the Road to a New Model for Democracy and Regional Cooperation." The workshop was attended by fifteen university participants, researchers, civil society actors and experts, specialists in questions of democracy, governance, constitutionalists and specialists in electoral, institutional and security issues from Mali, Burkina, Niger, Senegal, Benin, Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire.


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Cover FES PSCC Policy Brief

From 21st to 22nd June 2023, the fourth edition of the West Africa Dialogue regional conference of the FES Peace and Security Competence Centre Sub-Saharan Africa was held in Dakar. The theme was "Nexus of democracy, security, and climate change in West Africa: A plea for inclusive and holistic approaches". The objective of this fourth edition is to make a plea for inclusive and holistic approaches about the topics not only important and urgent but also interconnected, namely democracy, security and climate change in West Africa. This policy paper reviews the outcome of the discussions and the recommendations made.


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In a Sahel region beset by major security challenges, Niger seemed to have become the new preferred partner of the Western powers in the fight against violent extremist groups and international organised crime. But the coup d'état perpetrated by the military grouped around the Cadre National pour la Sauvegarde de la Patrie (CNSP) on 26 July 2023 against President Mohamed BAZOUM opened up a new era of uncertainty both in Niger and in the future of the fight against terrorism in the Sahel.


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In view of the transnational and hybrid nature of the threats and challenges to security and stability in the Sahel and their rapid regional expansion, the Peace and Security Competence Centre Sub-Saharan Africa of the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES PSCC) Dakar organised the 4th regional conference Sahel-Sahara Dialogue from 20 to 21 March 2023 in Niamey (Niger) on the theme "The Sahel and contemporary geopolitical issues and changes : what prospects for the region? This report summarises the proceedings and the recommendations made.


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20.09.2023 | Analytical note | Publication
Limitations of crisis prevention, management and resolution mechanisms

ECOWAS has set up mechanisms to promote democracy and strengthen collective security within its borders. These mechanisms have produced mixed results since their creation at the end of the civil wars in Liberia and Sierra Leone. The military coups that have taken place in Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso and Niger over the last three years have shown the limits of these mechanisms and the need to review them in order to adapt them to the ever changing political, security and geopolitical context in West Africa.


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23.08.2023 | Publication
FES PSCC Policy Paper Burkina Faso: Between strategic autonomy and the imperative of regional cooperation

Since 2015, Burkina Faso has been facing an unprecedented security crisis. The two successive coups of 2022 have aggravated political and security instability. Under the regime of President Traoré, Burkina Faso opted for strategic autonomy in the fight against terrorism. This desire for strategic autonomy is manifested by a massive recruitment of volunteers from the country and the massive acquisition of military equipment.


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FES PSCC Policy Brief

The G5-Sahel’s four remaining member states are faced with the challenge of proving the effectiveness of the operation within the context of the region’s unprecedented security and humanitarian challenges. Terrorism and illicit activities continue to spread, as basic needs of the populations remain unmet. Local, international and private military actors within the region present the organization with a further unique security situation. This policy paper analyses the root of the G5-Sahel’s ineffectiveness and explores the wide range of recommendations for the challenges that the region faces.


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Mainstraming of women's needs and participation in security sector reform processes in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger

Moderan, Ornella

Mainstraming of women's needs and participation in security sector reform processes in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger

Dakar-Fann, 2023

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From a focus on security to diplomatic dialogue: should a negotiated stability be considered in the Sahel?

Dakono, Baba

From a focus on security to diplomatic dialogue: should a negotiated stability be considered in the Sahel?

Dakar-Fann, 2022

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The role of women in the conflic in Cabo Delgado

Feijó, João

The role of women in the conflic in Cabo Delgado

Understanding vicious cycles of violence
Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Chad in its regional environment: political alliances and ad hoc military coalitions

Gnanguênon, Amandine

Chad in its regional environment: political alliances and ad hoc military coalitions

Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Gender-based violence in West Africa

Ndiaye, Ndèye Amy

Gender-based violence in West Africa

The cases of Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger
Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Pandora's box. Burkina Faso, self-defense militias and VDP law in fighting jihadism

Tisseron, Antonin

Pandora's box. Burkina Faso, self-defense militias and VDP law in fighting jihadism

Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Social asymmetries

Feijó, João

Social asymmetries

Clues to understand the spread of islamist jihadism in Cabo Delgado
Dakar-Fann, 2020

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Walking the Talk?

Weimer, Bernhard

Walking the Talk?

A critical perspective on sustainable peace and reconciliation in Mozambique
Maputo, 2020

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Baseline study of the state of play of security sector governance and the inclusion of civil society in security sector reform processes in Nigeria, Mali, Cameroon and Wider ECOWAS/ECCAS Region

Baseline study of the state of play of security sector governance and the inclusion of civil society in security sector reform processes in Nigeria, Mali, Cameroon and Wider ECOWAS/ECCAS Region

Dakar-Fann, 2020

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Do local peace deals work?

Boswell, Alan

Do local peace deals work?

Evidence from South Sudan's civil war
Kampala, 2019

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Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Peace and Security Centre of Competence Sub-Saharan Africa

Point E, Rue de Fatick x Boulevard de l'Est,
Residence Bity Lokho, 6th floor
B.P. 15 416
Dakar - Fann

+221 33 859 20 02

info(at)fes-pscc.org

Reports

How to engage and with whom towards collective security in the Sahelo-Saharan region and in West Africa? Dakar, 4 - 5 December 2017

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