Publications

| Publication

The Peace and Security Competence Centre of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation in Dakar (FES PSCC) organised from Thursday 31 March 2022 to Friday 1 April 2022 in Dakar the third edition of the regional conference Sahel-Sahara Dialogue on the topic : Prospects for sustainable peace in the Sahel : what inclusive responses to security instability in the Sahel-Sahara and in West Africa? This report reviews the results of the conference and the recommendations that were made.


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For more than a decade, the Sahel region has been caught up in a spiral of violence against which the security responses envisaged up to now appear less and less effective. The idea of negotiating with armed groups seems to be increasingly appealing to political actors in order to curb this phenomenon, which threatens stability and peace in the Sahel, particularly in the Liptako Gourma region: Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger.


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For two decades already, the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) has guided African and external stakeholders engagement for peace and security in Africa. Over time, a double crisis of lacking political will and low adaptedness to new forms of conflict challenged APSA implementation. Overcoming these challenges will require a concerted effort by all APSA stakeholders. This policy brief provides a succinct, policy-relevant summary of FES’s New Approaches to Collective Security project roll-out, based on an extensive scenario-building and consultation process with stakeholders in numerous AU member states and multilateral hubs, including Addis Ababa, Brussels, and New York. This policy brief summarizes key findings and formulates actionable policy recommendations on principles, activities and priorities that African and European stakeholders could pursue.


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The transition program of the coalition government led by president Adama BARROW has faced several agenda setbacks, resulting in various failed promises. However, the democratic space created by the December 2016 to January 2017 regime change resulted in the registration of more political parties, many more media houses. All indications point to this presidential election already being the most closely contested in the history of the Gambia. This Policy paper looks the various variables of the political developments that occurred in The Gambia’s, along with the issues at stake in the Presidential Elections slated for 4 December 2021.


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After 22 years of autocratic rule, President Yahya JAMMEH had to give way to President Adama BARROW. The new government has undertaken a series of reforms aimed at promoting respect for human rights and the rule of law and restoring public confidence, among others. Among the initiatives launched by the government is the establishment of a truth, reconciliation and reparations commission. This commission had generated a lot of interest, especially from the many women who were affected by the atrocities of the former Yahya JAMMEH regime. However, it seems that this commission did not really give the women the result they had hoped for.


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This report is based on three workshops on Violent Extremism in Mozambique and the Southern African region, hosted by the Centre for International and Strategic Studies (CEEI) and the Southern African Defence and Security Management Network (SADSEM), and supported by the Maputo Office of the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES). An inclusive workshop report titled ‘Managing Violent Extremism in Africa: Lessons, Strategic Options for Mozambique and Southern Africa and Institutional Responses’ (CEEI, SADSEM, FES) is available upon request.


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| Publication EU, Publication

When we consider the problem of institutional impunity, what immediately leaps to mind after long-term observation of countries in armed conflict in the field is the paradox between the massive military and security resources invested, the presence of judicial institutions with a whole array of instruments, laws, standards, and conventions, and the apparent inadequacy of the outcomes in terms of protection of civilians’ security and human rights.


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| Publication EU, Publication

Like in many developing countries that are highly fractionalized, ethnic crisis ranks amongst many security challenges bedevilling Nigeria, making Nigeria loosely a country at war with itself. This situation magnifies Nigeria’s political instability and the efforts of security agencies to address the range of insecurity issues which beyond fractionalization crisis encircle terrorism, banditry, ritual killings, armed robbery and kidnapping.


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| Publication EU, Publication

Government has unwittingly allowed the responsibility for security to transfer vicariously to the citizens and state while rebuffing devolution of statutory security responsibilities by not acceding to the formation of state police. There is thus a perceived need for decentralization of Nigeria Police in tandem with dictates of federalism. Yet, efforts to restructure the Nigeria Police is still fraught with definitional, conceptual and systemic challenges.


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| Publication EU, Publication

Nigeria is witnessing the escalation of violence and conflicts across the board. While the incidents have led to thousands of losses to lives and then the destruction of livelihood, it has seemingly overwhelmed Nigeria's security operatives. The Southeast region, which used to be one of Nigeria's relatively peaceful zones, has witnessed rising violence. The past couple of months have been dreadful, given the region's rise of violence and security uncertainties. About 254 people were killed in 63 incidents recorded in the first five months of 2021.


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From a focus on security to diplomatic dialogue: should a negotiated stability be considered in the Sahel?

Dakono, Baba

From a focus on security to diplomatic dialogue: should a negotiated stability be considered in the Sahel?

Dakar-Fann, 2022

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The role of women in the conflic in Cabo Delgado

Feijó, João

The role of women in the conflic in Cabo Delgado

Understanding vicious cycles of violence
Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Chad in its regional environment: political alliances and ad hoc military coalitions

Gnanguênon, Amandine

Chad in its regional environment: political alliances and ad hoc military coalitions

Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Gender-based violence in West Africa

Ndiaye, Ndèye Amy

Gender-based violence in West Africa

The cases of Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger
Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Pandora's box. Burkina Faso, self-defense militias and VDP law in fighting jihadism

Tisseron, Antonin

Pandora's box. Burkina Faso, self-defense militias and VDP law in fighting jihadism

Dakar-Fann, 2021

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Social asymmetries

Feijó, João

Social asymmetries

Clues to understand the spread of islamist jihadism in Cabo Delgado
Dakar-Fann, 2020

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Walking the Talk?

Weimer, Bernhard

Walking the Talk?

A critical perspective on sustainable peace and reconciliation in Mozambique
Maputo, 2020

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Baseline study of the state of play of security sector governance and the inclusion of civil society in security sector reform processes in Nigeria, Mali, Cameroon and Wider ECOWAS/ECCAS Region

Baseline study of the state of play of security sector governance and the inclusion of civil society in security sector reform processes in Nigeria, Mali, Cameroon and Wider ECOWAS/ECCAS Region

Dakar-Fann, 2020

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Do local peace deals work?

Boswell, Alan

Do local peace deals work?

Evidence from South Sudan's civil war
Kampala, 2019

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How can democratic peace work in Southern Africa?

Khadiagala, Gilbert M.

How can democratic peace work in Southern Africa?

Trends and trajectories since the decade of hope
Dakar-Fann, 2018

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Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Peace and Security Centre of Competence Sub-Saharan Africa

P.O. Box 15 416
Point E, boulevard de l’Est villa n°30
Dakar - Fann

+221 33 859 20 02

info(at)fes-pscc.org
www.fes-pscc.org
pscc.fes.de

Reports

How to engage and with whom towards collective security in the Sahelo-Saharan region and in West Africa? Dakar, 4 - 5 December 2017

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More digitalized Publications

If you are interested in accessing all digitalized publications of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, please visit the FES Digital Library. Please feel free to contact us if you are interested in a specific publication. 

FES Digital Library

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