Publications

23.05.2024 | Analytical note | Publication
THE AES COUNTRIES’ EXIT FROM ECOWAS AND THE BUILDING OF REGIONAL SECURITY

The decision by Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger to withdraw from ECOWAS represents a major strategic shift in this decade. The creation of the Alliance of Sahel States already brought with it a new configuration in West Africa following the decline of the G5 Sahel.


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The idea of placing people rather than states at the centre of peace support operations, and prioritising human security during military interventions has been circulating in policy circles for some time. However, some members of the international peace support community are reluctant to embrace it. Despite the pushback against this notion as a policy and a practice, it has become vital for the relevance and credibility of international peace support operations (IPSOs) in Africa. According to the international peace support community, IPSOs, including various types of International Peace and Training Missions, are among the most effective tools for supporting peace and security. In recent years, however, IPSOs have suffered significant setbacks. They include reistance from host countries, perceived ineffectiveness in responding to asymmetrical conflict threats and preventing violence…


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The main aim of this study is to analyse the advantages and opportunities of a gender-inclusive security sector in order to gain a better understanding of the challenges involved in taking this dimension into account, with a view to promoting greater involvement and integration of women's needs in security sector reform in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. It also looks at the nature of the progress made in terms of women's participation in the security sector in these countries and the institutional responses to the specific security needs of this category of actors.


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12.01.2024 | Publication

From 29 to 30 November 2023, the Peace and Security Competence Center Sub-Saharan Africa office organized a regional workshop on the theme: "Crisis in West Africa: Challenges and Opportunities on the Road to a New Model for Democracy and Regional Cooperation." The workshop was attended by fifteen university participants, researchers, civil society actors and experts, specialists in questions of democracy, governance, constitutionalists and specialists in electoral, institutional and security issues from Mali, Burkina, Niger, Senegal, Benin, Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire.


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Cover FES PSCC Policy Brief

From 21st to 22nd June 2023, the fourth edition of the West Africa Dialogue regional conference of the FES Peace and Security Competence Centre Sub-Saharan Africa was held in Dakar. The theme was "Nexus of democracy, security, and climate change in West Africa: A plea for inclusive and holistic approaches". The objective of this fourth edition is to make a plea for inclusive and holistic approaches about the topics not only important and urgent but also interconnected, namely democracy, security and climate change in West Africa. This policy paper reviews the outcome of the discussions and the recommendations made.


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In a Sahel region beset by major security challenges, Niger seemed to have become the new preferred partner of the Western powers in the fight against violent extremist groups and international organised crime. But the coup d'état perpetrated by the military grouped around the Cadre National pour la Sauvegarde de la Patrie (CNSP) on 26 July 2023 against President Mohamed BAZOUM opened up a new era of uncertainty both in Niger and in the future of the fight against terrorism in the Sahel.


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In view of the transnational and hybrid nature of the threats and challenges to security and stability in the Sahel and their rapid regional expansion, the Peace and Security Competence Centre Sub-Saharan Africa of the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES PSCC) Dakar organised the 4th regional conference Sahel-Sahara Dialogue from 20 to 21 March 2023 in Niamey (Niger) on the theme "The Sahel and contemporary geopolitical issues and changes : what prospects for the region? This report summarises the proceedings and the recommendations made.


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20.09.2023 | Analytical note | Publication
Limitations of crisis prevention, management and resolution mechanisms

ECOWAS has set up mechanisms to promote democracy and strengthen collective security within its borders. These mechanisms have produced mixed results since their creation at the end of the civil wars in Liberia and Sierra Leone. The military coups that have taken place in Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso and Niger over the last three years have shown the limits of these mechanisms and the need to review them in order to adapt them to the ever changing political, security and geopolitical context in West Africa.


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23.08.2023 | Publication
FES PSCC Policy Paper Burkina Faso: Between strategic autonomy and the imperative of regional cooperation

Since 2015, Burkina Faso has been facing an unprecedented security crisis. The two successive coups of 2022 have aggravated political and security instability. Under the regime of President Traoré, Burkina Faso opted for strategic autonomy in the fight against terrorism. This desire for strategic autonomy is manifested by a massive recruitment of volunteers from the country and the massive acquisition of military equipment.


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FES PSCC Policy Brief

The G5-Sahel’s four remaining member states are faced with the challenge of proving the effectiveness of the operation within the context of the region’s unprecedented security and humanitarian challenges. Terrorism and illicit activities continue to spread, as basic needs of the populations remain unmet. Local, international and private military actors within the region present the organization with a further unique security situation. This policy paper analyses the root of the G5-Sahel’s ineffectiveness and explores the wide range of recommendations for the challenges that the region faces.


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Faces of religious radicalization in African carceral spaces

Faye, Sylvain Landry

Faces of religious radicalization in African carceral spaces

Dakar-Fann, 2018

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A political-economy analysis of AU Peace and Security Council decision-making processes

Dersso, Solomon Ayele

A political-economy analysis of AU Peace and Security Council decision-making processes

The cases of Boko Haram and Burundi
Dakar-Fann, 2018

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Persistence of the crisis in the Central African Republic

Beninga, Paul-Crescent; Manga Essama, Déflorne Grâce; Mogba, Jean Raymond Zephirin

Persistence of the crisis in the Central African Republic

Understanding in order to act
Dakar-Fann, 2018

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The Boko Haram conflict in Cameroon

The Boko Haram conflict in Cameroon

Why is peace so elusive?
Dakar-Fann, 2018

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The Gambia after elections

Sanyang, Edrissa; Camara, Sanna

The Gambia after elections

Implications for governance and security in West Africa
Dakar-Fann, 2017

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Transnational organized crime in Southern Africa and Mozambique

Blum, Constanze

Transnational organized crime in Southern Africa and Mozambique

Maputo, 2017

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Peacekeeping interventions in Africa

Cawthra, Gavin

Peacekeeping interventions in Africa

"war is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength"
Maputo, 2016

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A danger not to Nigeria alone

Onuoha, Freedom C.

A danger not to Nigeria alone

Boko Harams's transnational reach and regional responses
Abuja, 2014

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Regional approaches to maritime security in the Horn of Africa

Fantaye, Demessie

Regional approaches to maritime security in the Horn of Africa

AddisAbaba, 2014

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Cross-border flows between Nigeria and Benin

Blum, Constanze

Cross-border flows between Nigeria and Benin

what are the challenges for (human) security?
Abuja, 2014

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Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Peace and Security Centre of Competence Sub-Saharan Africa

Point E, Rue de Fatick x Boulevard de l'Est,
Residence Bity Lokho, 6th floor
B.P. 15 416
Dakar - Fann

+221 33 859 20 02

info(at)fes-pscc.org

Reports

How to engage and with whom towards collective security in the Sahelo-Saharan region and in West Africa? Dakar, 4 - 5 December 2017

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